Article 1. The Lao People's Democratic Republic is an independent country with sovereignty and territorial integrity over its territorial waters and airspace. It is a unified country belonging to all multi-ethnic people and is indivisible. 

Article 2. The State of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is a people's democratic state.  All powers belong to the people, [and are exercised] by the people and for the interests of the multi-ethnic people of all social strata with the workers, farmers and intelligentsia as key components. 

Article 3. The rights of the multi-ethnic people to be the masters of the country are exercised and ensured through the functioning of the political system with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party as its leading nucleus. 

Article 4. (New) The people are to elect representatives, namely the National Assembly, to ensure that their rights, powers and benefits are addressed.

The election of members of the National Assembly shall be carried out through the principles of universal equal direct suffrage and secret balloting.

Voters have the right to propose the removal of their own representatives if they are found to behave in a way unbefitting their [honourable positions] and to lose the people's confidence.

Article 5. The National Assembly and other state organisations are established and function in accordance with the principle of democratic centralism. 

Article 6. The State protects the freedom and democratic rights of the people which cannot be violated by anyone.  All state organisations and government officials must disseminate and create awareness of all policies, regulations and laws among the people and, together with the people, organise their implementation in order to guarantee the legitimate rights and interests of the people.  All acts of bureaucratism and harassment that can be detrimental to the people?s honour, physical well-being, lives, consciences and property are prohibited. 

Article 7. The Lao Front for National Construction, the Lao Federation of Trade Unions, the Lao People's Revolutionary Youth Union, the Lao Women's Union and other social organisations are the organs to unite and mobilise all strata of the multi-ethnic people to take part in the tasks of protection and construction of the country; to develop the right of self-determination of the people and to protect the legitimate rights and interests of members of their respective organisations.

Article 8. 
The State pursues the policy of promoting unity and equality among all ethnic groups.  All ethnic groups have the right to protect, preserve and promote the fine customs[1] and cultures of their own tribes and of the nation.  All acts creating division and discrimination among ethnic groups are prohibited.  

The State implements every measure to gradually develop and upgrade the socio-economic levels of all ethnic groups. 

Article 9. (New) The State respects and protects all lawful activities of Buddhists and of followers of other religions, [and] mobilises and encourages Buddhist monks and novices as well as the priests of other religions to participate in activities that are beneficial to the country and people.  All acts creating division between religions and classes of people are prohibited. 

Article 10. (New)        The State manages the society through the provisions of the Constitution and the laws. Party and state organisations, the Lao Front for National Construction, mass organisations, social organisations and all citizens must function within the bounds of the Constitution and the laws. 

Article 11. (New) The State implements in all aspects the policy of national defence and security with the participation of all people, improving and building the national defence and security forces to enhance their loyalty to the country and people; [to enhance] their ability to carry out the duty to protect the gains of the revolution, [and] the lives, properties and labour of the people; and to contribute to the tasks of national development in order to progress to enrichment and strength.

Article 12. The Lao People's Democratic Republic pursues a foreign policy of peace, independence, friendship and cooperation, and promotes relations and cooperation with all countries on the basis of the [following] principles: peaceful coexistence; respect for each other's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity; non-interference in each other's internal affairs; and equality and mutual benefit. 

The Lao People's Democratic Republic supports the struggle of the world?s people for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress. 

[1] The Lao term connotes both customs and traditions.